Deranged Kv channel regulation in fibroblasts from mice lacking the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1.

Shumilina, Ekaterina, Lampert, Angelika, Lupescu, Adrian, Mysina, Svetlana, Strutz-Seebohm, Nathalie, Henke, Guido, Grahammer, Florian, Wulff, Peer, Kuhl, Dietmar and Lang, Florian (2005) Deranged Kv channel regulation in fibroblasts from mice lacking the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1. Journal of cellular physiology, 204 (1). pp. 87-98. ISSN 0021-9541

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Abstract

Coexpression of the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) up-regulates Kv channel activity in Xenopus oocytes and human embryonic kidney cells. To investigate the physiological impact of SGK1 dependent Kv channel regulation, we recorded whole-cell currents in lung fibroblasts from SGK1 knockout mice (sgk1-/-) and wild-type littermates (sgk1+/+). Serum-grown mouse lung fibroblasts (MLF) from both genotypes exhibited voltage-gated outwardly rectifying K(+)-currents with time-dependent activation (tau(act) approximately 3 msec), slow inactivation (tau(inact) approximately 700 msec), use-dependent inactivation, and (partial) inhibition by K(+) channel blockers TEA, 4-AP, and margatoxin. In serum grown MLF peak Kv current density at +100 mV was significantly lower in sgk1-/- (14 +/- 2 pA/pF, n = 13) than in sgk1+/+ (31 +/- 4 pA/pF, n = 16). PCR amplification of different Kv1 and Kv3 subunits from mouse fibroblasts demonstrated the expression of Kv1.1-1.7, Kv3.1, and Kv3.3 mRNA in both sgk1+/+ and sgk1-/- cells. Upon serum deprivation Kv currents almost disappeared in sgk1+/+ (4 +/- 1 pA/pF, n = 11) but not in sgk1-/- (10 +/- 1 pA/pF, n = 6) MLF. Accordingly, following serum deprivation Kv current density was significantly lower in sgk1+/+ than in sgk1-/-. Stimulation of serum-depleted cells with dexamethasone (dex) (1 microM, 1 day), IGF-1 (6.7 microM, 4-6 h) or both, significantly activated Kv currents in sgk1+/+ but not in sgk1-/- MLF. In the presence of both, dex and IGF-1, the Kv current density was significantly larger in sgk1+/+ (27 +/- 3 pA/pF, n = 12) than in sgk1-/- (13 +/- 3 pA/pF, n = 10) cells. Similar to MLF, Kv currents were significantly higher in sgk1+/+ mouse tail fibroblasts (MTF). In sgk1+/+ but not sgk1-/- MTF the Kv currents were inhibited upon serum deprivation and reincreased after stimulation of serum deprived MTF with dex (1 microM, 1 day) and afterwards with IGF-1 (6.7 microM, 4-6 h). According to Fura-2-fluorescence capacitative Ca(2+) entry was lower in sgk1-/- MTF compared to sgk1+/+ MTF. Upon serum deprivation capacitative Ca(2+) entry decreased significantly in sgk1+/+ but not in sgk1-/- MTF. Stimulation of depleted cells with dex (1 microM, 1 day) and afterwards with IGF-1 (6.7 microM, 4-6 h) reincreased capacitative Ca(2+) entry in sgk1+/+ MTF, whereas in sgk1-/- cells it remained unchanged. In conclusion, lack of SGK1 does not abrogate Kv channel activity but abolishes regulation of those channels by serum, glucocorticoids and IGF-1, an effect influencing capacitative Ca(2+) entry.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
Sciences
Depositing User: Svetlana Mysina
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 09:17
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 11:11
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/10022

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