Sensory Integration Model Inspired by the Superior Colliculus For Multimodal Stimuli Localization

Ravulakollu, Kiran Kumar (2012) Sensory Integration Model Inspired by the Superior Colliculus For Multimodal Stimuli Localization. Doctoral thesis, University of Sunderland.

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Abstract

Sensory information processing is an important feature of robotic agents that must
interact with humans or the environment. For example, numerous attempts have
been made to develop robots that have the capability of performing interactive
communication. In most cases, individual sensory information is processed and
based on this, an output action is performed. In many robotic applications, visual
and audio sensors are used to emulate human-like communication. The Superior
Colliculus, located in the mid-brain region of the nervous system, carries out
similar functionality of audio and visual stimuli integration in both humans and
animals.
In recent years numerous researchers have attempted integration of sensory
information using biological inspiration. A common focus lies in generating a single
output state (i.e. a multimodal output) that can localize the source of the audio and
visual stimuli. This research addresses the problem and attempts to find an
effective solution by investigating various computational and biological
mechanisms involved in the generation of multimodal output. A primary goal is to
develop a biologically inspired computational architecture using artificial neural
networks. The advantage of this approach is that it mimics the behaviour of the
Superior Colliculus, which has the potential of enabling more effective human-like
communication with robotic agents.
The thesis describes the design and development of the architecture, which is
constructed from artificial neural networks using radial basis functions. The
primary inspiration for the architecture came from emulating the function top and
deep layers of the Superior Colliculus, due to their visual and audio stimuli
localization mechanisms, respectively. The integration experimental results have
successfully demonstrated the key issues, including low-level multimodal stimuli
localization, dimensionality reduction of audio and visual input-space without
affecting stimuli strength, and stimuli localization with enhancement and
depression phenomena. Comparisons have been made between computational
and neural network based methods, and unimodal verses multimodal integrated
outputs in order to determine the effectiveness of the approach.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Computing > Human-Computer Interaction
Divisions: Collections > Theses
Depositing User: Barry Hall
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2013 14:21
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 07:25
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/3759

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