Physical Properties of a Hybrid and a Nanohybrid Dental Light-Cured Resin Composite

Sideridou, Irini D., Karabela, Maria M., Micheliou, Christina N., Karagiannidis, Panagiotis and Logothetidis, Stergios (2012) Physical Properties of a Hybrid and a Nanohybrid Dental Light-Cured Resin Composite. Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, 20 (13). pp. 1831-1844. ISSN 0920-5063

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Abstract

This work was aimed at the study of some physical properties of two current light-cured dental resin composites, Rok (hybrid) and Ice (nanohydrid). As filler they both contain strontium aluminosilicate particles, however, with different size distribution, 40 nm–2.5 μm for Rok and 10 nm–1 μm for Ice. The resin matrix of Rok consists of UDMA, that of Ice of UDMA, Bis-EMA and TEGDMA. Degree of conversion was determined by FT-IR analysis. The flexural strength and modulus were measured using a three-point bending set-up according to the ISO-4049 specification. Sorption, solubility and volumetric change were measured after storage of composites in water or ethanol/water (75 vol%) for 1 day, 7 or 30 days. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed in air and nitrogen atmosphere from 30 to 700°C. Surface roughness and morphology of the composites was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The degree of conversion was found to be 56.9% for Rok and 61.0% for Ice. The flexural strength of Rok does not significantly differ from that of Ice, while the flexural modulus of Rok is higher than that of Ice. The flexural strengths of Rok and Ice did not show any significant change after immersion in water or ethanol solution for 30 days. The flexural modulus of Rok and Ice did not show any significant change either after immersion in water for 30 days, while it decreased significantly, even after 1 day immersion, in ethanol solution. Ice sorbed a higher amount of water and ethanol solution than Rok and showed a higher volume increase. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that Rok contains about 80 wt% inorganic filler and Ice about 75 wt%.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Panagiotis Karagiannidis
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 13:38
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 13:30
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/7777

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