Light social drinkers are more distracted by irrelevant information from an induced attentional bias than heavy social drinkers

Knight, Helen C., Smith, Daniel T., Knight, David C. and Ellison, Amanda (2018) Light social drinkers are more distracted by irrelevant information from an induced attentional bias than heavy social drinkers. Psychopharmacology. ISSN 0033-3158 (In Press)

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Abstract

It is well established that alcoholics and heavy social drinkers show a bias of attention towards alcohol-related items. Previous research suggests that there is a shared foundation of attentional bias, which is linked to attentional control settings. Specifically, attentional bias relates to a persistent selection of a Feature Search Mode which prioritises attentional bias-related information for selection and processing. However, no research has yet examined the effect of pre-existing biases on the development of an additional attentional bias. This paper seeks to discover how pre-existing biases affect the formation of a new, additional attentional bias. 25 heavy and 25 light social drinkers, with and without a pre-existing bias to alcohol related items respectively, had an attentional bias towards the colour green induced via an information sheet. They then completed a series of one-shot change detection tasks. In the critical task, green items were present but task-irrelevant. Irrelevant green items caused significantly more interference for light than heavy social drinkers. This somewhat counter intuitive result is likely due to heavy drinkers having more experience in exerting cognitive control over attentional biases, something not previously observed in investigations of the effects of holding an attentional bias. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that an established attentional bias significantly modulates future behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Psychology > Cognitive Behaviour
Sciences > Health Sciences
Sciences > Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Helen Knight
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2018 08:22
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2018 08:22
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/9767

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