Text Extraction and Web Searching in a Non-Latin Language

Lazarinis, Fotis (2008) Text Extraction and Web Searching in a Non-Latin Language. Doctoral thesis, University of Sunderland.

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Abstract

Recent studies of queries submitted to Internet Search Engines have shown that
non-English queries and unclassifiable queries have nearly tripled during the
last decade. Most search engines were originally engineered for English. They
do not take full account of inflectional semantics nor, for example, diacritics or
the use of capitals which is a common feature in languages other than English.
The literature concludes that searching using non-English and non-Latin based
queries results in lower success and requires additional user effort to achieve
acceptable precision.
The primary aim of this research study is to develop an evaluation methodology
for identifying the shortcomings and measuring the effectiveness of
search engines with non-English queries. It also proposes a number of solutions
for the existing situation. A Greek query log is analyzed considering the morphological
features of the Greek language. Also a text extraction experiment
revealed some problems related to the encoding and the morphological and
grammatical differences among semantically equivalent Greek terms. A first
stopword list for Greek based on a domain independent collection has been
produced and its application in Web searching has been studied. The effect of
lemmatization of query terms and the factors influencing text based image retrieval
in Greek are also studied. Finally, an instructional strategy is presented
for teaching non-English students how to effectively utilize search engines.
The evaluation of the capabilities of the search engines showed that international
and nationwide search engines ignore most of the linguistic idiosyncrasies
of Greek and other complex European languages. There is a lack of
freely available non-English resources to work with (test corpus, linguistic resources,
etc). The research showed that the application of standard IR techniques,
such as stopword removal, stemming, lemmatization and query expansion,
in Greek Web searching increases precision.
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Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Computing > Human-Computer Interaction
Divisions: Collections > Theses
Depositing User: Barry Hall
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2013 13:03
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2013 13:03
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/3326

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