Physical activity, sedentary behaviour, use of electronic media, and snacking among youth: an international study

Soos, Istvan, Biddle, S J H, Ling, Jonathan, Hamar, P., Sandor, I., Boros-Balint, I, Szabo, P. and Simonek, J. (2014) Physical activity, sedentary behaviour, use of electronic media, and snacking among youth: an international study. Kinesiology, 46 (2). pp. 155-163. ISSN 1331-1441

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Abstract

This study examined physical activity, sedentary behaviours, location of electronic media and snacking
among children from five countries. These variables were assessed by ecological momentary assessment
(EMA) using a free-time diary. Data were obtained from 812 secondary-school students (348 male, 464
female) aged from 12 to 18 years in United Kingdom, China, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. We found
that less than half the students met the recommended guideline of 60 minutes daily physical activity (48%
of British, 40% of Romanian, 34% of Slovakian, 20% of Hungarian and only 4% of Chinese students met
this criterion). Ninety-six percent of British and 86% of Hungarian youth had more than one TV set in their
home, followed by Romanian (64%), Slovakian (64%) and Chinese (29%) counterparts. Most British (73%)
youths had televisions in their bedroom, followed by Hungarians (66%), Romanians (37%), Slovakians (35%)
and Chinese (4%). When compared to females, male students spent significantly more time on TV/DVD/ video viewing (on average 110.7 vs 90.2 minutes/day; p<.001) and playing computer games (on average 34.0 vs 10.5 minutes/day; p<.001). Students who had a TV in their bedroom spent more time watching TV compared to those without a TV in their bedroom (on average 109 vs 91 minutes/day, p<.001). Higher levels of TV viewing were associated with more snack food consumption (r=.13, p<.01). In order to promote less TV viewing and snacking, it may be useful to keep TVs out of the bedrooms of children and adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Health Sciences
Sciences > Sport Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Faculty of Applied Sciences > Department of Sport and Excercise Sciences
Health Sciences and Wellbeing Beacon
Health Sciences and Wellbeing Beacon > Health Improvement and Wellbeing Workstream
Depositing User: Paula Normington
Date Deposited: 04 May 2016 10:05
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 00:00
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/6290

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