Challenging sex segregation: A philosophical evaluation of the Football Association's rules on mixed football

Davis, Paul, Edwards, L. and Forbes, A. (2016) Challenging sex segregation: A philosophical evaluation of the Football Association's rules on mixed football. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1751-1321

[img] PDF
Davis Edwards Forbes FA Mixed Game Rules.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 July 2018.

Download (172kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

The Football Association (FA) has been under pressure to allow girls to play in mixed teams since 1978, following 12 year-old Theresa Bennett’s application to play with boys in a local league. In 1991, over a decade after Bennett’s legal challenge, the FA agreed to remove its ban on mixed football and introduced Rule C4 in order to permit males and females to play together in competitive matches under the age of 11. More recently, following a campaign by parents, coaches, local Members of Parliament and the Women’s Sport Foundation, the FA agreed to trial mixed football for the under-12 to under-15 age categories in order to establish, among other things, the risk of injury to players in sex-integrated competitions. A series of exponential changes ensued: between 2010 and 2014, the age at which mixed football was permitted increased from U11 to U16. In 2015 the FA announced the decision to raise the age limit on mixed football from U16 to U18 for the forthcoming 2015-16 season. We critically examine the reasons given by the FA for enforcing segregated participation beyond the age of 18, namely that males have an unfair advantage and that females face an unacceptable risk of injury. We also discuss the argument that removing the ban might harm the women’s game. In conclusion, we suggest that the FA ought to abandon the ban on mixed football over the age of 18.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Sport Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Faculty of Applied Sciences > Department of Sport and Excercise Sciences
Health Sciences and Wellbeing Beacon
Health Sciences and Wellbeing Beacon > Health Improvement and Wellbeing Workstream
Depositing User: Paula Normington
Date Deposited: 05 May 2016 13:49
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2017 20:31
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/6297

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year