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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Twice Upon a Time: Examining the Effect Socio-Economic Status has on the Experiences of Dyslexia

Macdonald, Stephen J and Deacon, Lesley (2019) Twice Upon a Time: Examining the Effect Socio-Economic Status has on the Experiences of Dyslexia. Dyslexia: An International Journal of Research and Practice, 25 (1). pp. 3-19. ISSN 1099-0909

Item Type: Article


From the mid‐1990s, there have been a number of campaigns
aimed at raising awareness of dyslexia and social
inclusion. In conjunction with these campaigns, educational
and employment policies have been implemented that
advocate inclusive and workplace adjustments for people
with dyslexia. This study aims to explore the intersectional
relationship between dyslexia and socio‐economic status.
The findings analyse adult perceptions of education and
employment, which have been shaped by 23 years of social
policies promoting anti‐discriminatory practice. The study
applies a quantitative approach, which collected data from
a national survey conducted from 2015 to 2017. The sample
consists of 442 adult participants who reported having
dyslexia. The social model of disability has been applied in
this study to interpret the data findings from a disability
studies perspective. The article suggests that socioeconomic
status significantly affects issues of diagnosis,
educational, and employment experiences. The findings
illustrate an intersectional relationship between socioeconomic
status and disability inequalities, which have an
effect on the experiences of people with dyslexia in

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Depositing User: Klaire Purvis-Shepherd


Item ID: 10588
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1099-0909
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Stephen J Macdonald: ORCID iD
ORCID for Lesley Deacon: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2019 13:34
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2023 09:41


Author: Stephen J Macdonald ORCID iD
Author: Lesley Deacon ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Education and Society
Faculty of Education and Society > School of Social Sciences


Social Sciences > Health and Social Care
Social Sciences

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