Constitutive Modelling of Elastomeric Seal Material under Compressive Loading

Abubakar, Ismail, Myler, Peter and Zhou, Erping (2016) Constitutive Modelling of Elastomeric Seal Material under Compressive Loading. Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science.

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Abstract

Elastomers are used in numerous engineering applications such as sealing components, it is therefore important to devise a method that can accurately predict elastomers’ response to load. Many applications that employ the use of these materials subject them to a nonlinear large strain; therefore the simple Hooke’s law is not sufficient to describe their material behaviour. This paper presents an approach to obtain material properties of elastomer under compression loading, based on hyperelastic strain formulation, through experimental test and finite element modelling. The paper focuses on the isotropic incompressible behaviour exhibited by elastomers, and obtains strain energy functions that satisfy the characteristic properties of a hyperelastic model. Data obtained from compression test on a nitrile rubber (NBR) specimen were used as material input into ABAQUS®—a finite element analysis software. A least square fitting technique was used to determine the coefficients of various stable hyperelastic models, based on Drucker’s stability criteria within the software. The strain energy functions obtained concentrate on material parameters which are related to physical quantities of the material molecular network they are subjected to in practical application. The approach benefits from mathematical simplicity, and possesses the property of the deformation mode dependency. Furthermore, a model validation procedure using a step-by-step method for parameters estimation is explained. The work herein is a nonlinear finite element modelling process that leads to an optimal solution and can be employed not only for elastomeric seals, but also for similar engineering assets

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering > Finite Analysis
Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > School of Tourism
Depositing User: Ismail Abubakar
Date Deposited: 16 May 2019 09:13
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 09:19
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/10773

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