Protective Determinants in Suicidal Ideation within Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Communities

Manning, Carol, Graham, Yitka, Freeman, Maria and Hayes, Catherine (2019) Protective Determinants in Suicidal Ideation within Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Communities. British Journal of Mental Health Nursing. ISSN 2049-5919 (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: LGBT people have an elevated risk of suicidal ideation and suicide as compared to the overall population. Risk factors and Protective determinants provide an insight into must be understood to create an evidence-based suicide prevention model and evidence-based assessment and treatment for LGBT people experiencing suicide ideation. Minimal research in this field exists to date, highlighting the need for illumination of these key issues for mental health nursing practitioners.
Aims: To ascertain the protective determinants of suicide ideation in the LGBT population based on the extant published evidence base surrounding this issue in the context of healthcare generally and mental health nursing practice, specifically.
Methods: A systematic review of five theoretically sampled articles pertaining to suicidal ideation in the LGBT community. This was undertaken in accordance with the 2009 PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) Implementation Framework Guidelines.
Findings: Data sets were synthesised using an inductive thematic analysis. Five core salient themes emerged from the data, collated from the extant published literature, which made it possible to identify protective determinants of suicidal ideation in the LGBT population. These salient themes were identified as a) resilience b) specific personality traits c) mindfulness and self-esteem d) social support and positive role modelling and e) the need for culturally competent healthcare provision, of which mental health nurses are an integral part.
Conclusion: The findings of the systematic review revealed the need for mental health nurses and adjunct healthcare staff to reflect on their interactions with the LGBT population, particularly where suicidal ideation or tendency is either directly articulated or suspected. Facilitation and support of vulnerable members of society could potentially be driven by increasing awareness of these specific vulnerabilities in clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Catherine Hayes
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2019 09:20
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2020 11:40
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/11186

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