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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Performance and image enhancing drugs use in active military personnel and veterans: A contemporary review

Whyte, Ian, Pattinson, Emily, Leyland, Sandra, Soos, Istvan and Ling, Jonathan (2020) Performance and image enhancing drugs use in active military personnel and veterans: A contemporary review. Translational Sports Medicine, ahead. ISSN 2573-8488

Item Type: Article


The use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) among active mili-tary personnel and veterans presents a public health concern. Deeper understanding of PIEDs use in those populations is necessary to understand what underpins their use and provide information to help shape interventions with the aim of reducing impacts on individuals’ health, wellbeing, social circumstances, public perception and, in serving personnel, any wider military performance. A contemporary review was conducted using five academic journal databases, citation searching, and hand searching. Studies were excluded if published prior to 2000 or did not specify PIEDs use. Following this search, 20 studies were identified for review. Findings suggest that anabolic steroids and weight-loss supplements were the most used PIEDs. Image enhancement was mentioned the most as a reason for PIEDs use followed by keeping up with the physical and emotional demands of active duty. Additionally, findings suggested that young, male non-commissioned Army personnel were most likely to use PIEDs. There were clear gaps in the current literature surrounding PIEDs use, as well as an understanding of when service personnel began using PIEDs. Further research should aim to answer these questions.

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Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router ** History: epub 26-08-2020; issued 26-08-2020. ** Licence for VoR version of this article starting on 26-08-2020:
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Item ID: 12537
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ISSN: 2573-8488
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Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Ian Whyte: ORCID iD
ORCID for Emily Pattinson: ORCID iD
ORCID for Sandra Leyland: ORCID iD
ORCID for Istvan Soos: ORCID iD
ORCID for Jonathan Ling: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2020 15:32
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 10:46


Author: Ian Whyte ORCID iD
Author: Emily Pattinson ORCID iD
Author: Sandra Leyland ORCID iD
Author: Istvan Soos ORCID iD
Author: Jonathan Ling ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences

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