International Olympic Committee (IOC) Sport Mental Health Assessment Tool 1 (SMHAT-1) and Sport Mental Health Recognition Tool 1 (SMHRT-1): towards better support of athletes’ mental health

Gouttebarge, Vincent, Bindra, Abhinav, Blauwet, Cheri, Campriani, Niccolo, Currie, Alan, Engebretsen, Lars, Hainline, Brian, Kroshus, Emily, McDuff, David, Mountjoy, Margo, Purcell, Rosemary, Putukian, Margot, Reardon, Claudia L, Rice, Simon M and Budgett, Richard (2020) International Olympic Committee (IOC) Sport Mental Health Assessment Tool 1 (SMHAT-1) and Sport Mental Health Recognition Tool 1 (SMHRT-1): towards better support of athletes’ mental health. British Journal of Sports Medicine. ISSN 1473-0480

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Abstract

Objectives: To develop an assessment and recognition tool to identify elite athletes at risk for mental health symptoms and disorders. Methods: We conducted narrative and systematic reviews about mental health symptoms and disorders in active and former elite athletes. The views of active and former elite athletes (N=360) on mental health symptoms in elite sports were retrieved through an electronic questionnaire. Our group identified the objective(s), target group(s) and approach of the mental health tools. For the assessment tool, we undertook a modified Delphi consensus process and used existing validated screening instruments. Both tools were compiled during two 2-day meeting. We also explored the appropriateness and preliminary reliability and validity of the assessment tool. Sport Mental Health Assessment Tool 1 and Sport Mental Health Recognition Tool 1: The International Olympic Committee Sport Mental Health Assessment Tool 1 (SMHAT-1) was developed for sports medicine physicians and other licensed/registered health professionals to assess elite athletes (defined as professional, Olympic, Paralympic or collegiate level; aged 16 years and older) potentially at risk for or already experiencing mental health symptoms and disorders. The SMHAT-1 consists of: (i) triage with an athlete-specific screening tool, (ii) six subsequent disorder-specific screening tools and (iii) a clinical assessment (and related management) by a sports medicine physician or licensed/registered mental health professional (eg, psychiatrist and psychologist). The International Olympic Committee Sport Mental Health Recognition Tool 1 (SMHRT-1) was developed for athletes and their entourage (eg, friends, fellow athletes, family and coaches). Conclusion: The SMHAT-1 and SMHRT-1 enable that mental health symptoms and disorders in elite athletes are recognised earlier than they otherwise would. These tools should facilitate the timely referral of those athletes in need for appropriate support and treatment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Embargo end date: 18-09-2020 ** From BMJ via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 18-08-2020; ppub 09-2020; epub 18-09-2020. ** Licence for this article starting on 18-09-2020: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Original research, 1506, 2314, psychology, sports medicine, mental
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences > Department of Sport and Excercise Sciences
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publication Router
Depositing User: Publication Router
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2020 13:17
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2020 13:17
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12584
ORCID for Vincent Gouttebarge: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0126-4177
ORCID for Alan Currie: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5617-4868
ORCID for Brian Hainline: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0233-2434
ORCID for David McDuff: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4088-3920
ORCID for Margo Mountjoy: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8604-2014
ORCID for Margot Putukian: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1478-8068

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