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Impact of a community‐acquired pneumonia care bundle in North East England from 2014 to 2017—A quality improvement project

Morrow, Gerry, Roberts, Anthony, Newton, Julia, Rees, Jon, Walkley, Michael and Flavell, Linda (2020) Impact of a community‐acquired pneumonia care bundle in North East England from 2014 to 2017—A quality improvement project. The Clinical Respiratory Journal. ISSN 1752-699X

Item Type: Article


To explore the impact of implementation of Community‐Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) quality care bundle.

Eight acute hospitals in the North East of England and North Cumbria.

ICD‐10 coded CAP aged >18 were identified. A total of 16 201 CAP patients were discharged 2016/2017 (15 707; 2015/2016 and 10 733; 2014/2015).

Outcome measures
Secondary User Service (SUS) data were collected monthly from April 2014 to 2017. Data were pseudonymised and data flows governed by Data Sharing Agreements. CAP measures were based on British Thoracic Society guidance and agreed following clinician consultation. CAP admissions and individual organisational compliance with and impact of, CAP quality bundle measures was explored.

Average length of stay (LOS) was 10.4 days (median 6) 25% >13 days. Crude in‐hospital mortality rate was 17.6%, significantly lower (95% CI) than 19.1% in 2015/2016 and 19.3% in 2014/2015. Emergency readmissions within 28 days were 19.7% (19.2%; 2015/2016, 17.9%; 2014/2015). A total of 39.5% of patients received all appropriate care measures. Compliance has improved over time, although not for all hospitals. Most quality measures have higher mortality for those passing measures compared to those failing (P < .05 95% CI). Giving oxygen, had a significantly higher emergency readmission rate, 3.3% higher (95% CI 1.1% to 5.5%). Appropriate antibiotics and recording CURB‐65 scores reduced the emergency readmission rates (−2.7% (95% CI −4.5% to −0.8%) −2.6% (95% CI −3.8% to −1.4%), respectively, (P = ns)).

CAP accounts for significant bed days, mortality and readmissions. Although mortality was lower, LOS and readmission rates were not, despite improvements in compliance after implementation of the care bundle. Care bundle use remained sub‐optimal.

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Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router ** History: epub 04-10-2020; issued 04-10-2020. ** Licence for VoR version of this article starting on 04-10-2020:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetics(clinical), Immunology and Allergy, Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
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SWORD Depositor: Publication Router
Depositing User: Publication Router


Item ID: 12689
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1752-699X
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Julia Newton: ORCID iD
ORCID for Jon Rees: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2020 15:44
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2020 15:45


Author: Julia Newton ORCID iD
Author: Jon Rees ORCID iD
Author: Gerry Morrow
Author: Anthony Roberts
Author: Michael Walkley
Author: Linda Flavell

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology

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