Accumulating Physical Activity in Short or Brief Bouts for Glycemic Control in Adults With Prediabetes and Diabetes.

Chang, Courtney R, Russell, Brooke M, Dempsey, Paddy C, Christie, Hannah E, Campbell, Matthew and Francois, Monique E (2020) Accumulating Physical Activity in Short or Brief Bouts for Glycemic Control in Adults With Prediabetes and Diabetes. Canadian journal of diabetes, 44 (8). pp. 759-767. ISSN 2352-3840

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Abstract

Clinical practice guidelines on physical activity and diabetes currently stipulate physical activity can be accumulated in bouts of ≥10 minutes to meet recommendations for health benefits. Individuals are also encouraged to interrupt prolonged sitting with brief activity breaks of ∼1 to 5 minutes in duration. Growing research highlights accumulating activity in shorter bouts across the day as a potential strategy to improve glycemic control and to help those who are largely sedentary meet physical activity guidelines. Research has shown favourable glycemic benefits for postprandial glucose and glycated hemoglobin with either 3 short (10 to 15 minutes) or frequent brief (1 to 5 minutes) bouts of activity spread around meals or throughout the day. To date, most studies examining accumulated activity were done with people with type 2 diabetes compared with sedentary conditions, were short term and measured various indices of glycemic control using continuous glucose monitoring. The 7 trials comparing accumulating 3 short bouts to a single bout showed comparable benefits for glycemic control (i.e. fasting glucose, 24 h mean glucose and postprandial hyperglycemia). Furthermore, timing short bouts around meals may improve postprandial glucose and hyperglycemia more than a single bout. It is unknown whether a threshold for the duration of accumulated bouts exists---that is, "how much is enough?" In this narrative review, we focus on the glycemic effects of physical activity accumulated in short or brief bouts for people with prediabetes and diabetes as compared with a single continuous bout. Given that poor adherence to physical activity recommendations and that fewer opportunities exist in modern societies for incidental (nonexercise) physical activity, accumulating activity may be a choice strategy for improving glycemic control in those with and at risk of diabetes. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2020 Canadian Diabetes Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router ** History: received 14-07-2020; revised 20-10-2020; accepted 23-10-2020.
Uncontrolled Keywords: accumulated activity, activité accumulée, activité physique, diabetes, diabétiques, glycémie postprandiale, hyperglycemia, hyperglycémie, interrompre le temps sédentaire, interrupting sedentary time, physical activity, postprandial glucose
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
SWORD Depositor: Publication Router
Depositing User: Publication Router
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 16:25
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 16:27
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12905
ORCID for Matthew Campbell: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5883-5041

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