Mapping Post-Glacial expansions: The Peopling of Southwest Asia

Platt, Daniel E., Haber, Marc, Dagher-Kharrat, Magda Bou, Douaihy, Bouchra, Khazen, Georges, Ashrafian Bonab, Maziar, Salloum, Angélique, Mouzaya, Francis, Luiselli, Donata, Tyler-Smith, Chris, Renfrew, Colin, Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth and Zalloua, Pierre A. (2017) Mapping Post-Glacial expansions: The Peopling of Southwest Asia. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Archaeological, palaeontological and geological evidence shows that post-glacial warming released human populations from their various climate-bound refugia. Yet specific connections between these refugia and the timing and routes of post-glacial migrations that ultimately established modern patterns of genetic variation remain elusive. Here, we use Y-chromosome markers combined with autosomal data to reconstruct population expansions from regional refugia in Southwest Asia. Populations from three regions in particular possess distinctive autosomal genetic signatures indicative of likely refugia: one, in the north, centered around the eastern coast of the Black Sea, the second, with a more Levantine focus, and the third in the southern Arabian Peninsula. Modern populations from these three regions carry the widest diversity and may indeed represent the most likely descendants of the populations responsible for the Neolithic cultures of Southwest Asia. We reveal the distinct and datable expansion routes of populations from these three refugia throughout Southwest Asia and into Europe and North Africa and discuss the possible correlations of these migrations to various cultural and climatic events evident in the archaeological record of the past 15,000 years.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Leah Maughan
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2021 17:09
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2021 17:15
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12940
ORCID for Maziar Ashrafian Bonab: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9833-7976

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