The 1966 White House Conference on Civil Rights

Yuill, Kevin (1998) The 1966 White House Conference on Civil Rights. The Historical Journal, 40 (1). pp. 259-282. ISSN 0018-246X

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Abstract

Lyndon B. Johnson fails to mention the 1966 White House Conference on Civil Rights in his autobiography and the conference has been equally ignored by historians. Yet this conference, promised in Johnson's famous Howard University speech in 1965, was to be the high point of Johnson's already considerable efforts on civil rights. Underlying the confusion and rancour that characterized the conference held in June 1966 (but more especially the ‘planning conference’, held in November 1965) was a struggle to maintain the integrative impetus of the ‘American Creed’ against the realization that integration was unlikely to take place except in the very long term. The conference transcripts, recorded verbatim, provide a useful reminder of the very different mood of the mid-1960s, suggesting that the extent of panic after the Watts riot went beyond racial issues into fears for the survival of political and governmental institutions. Especially evident is the fragmentation of Johnson's liberal civil rights coalition before dissent on the Vietnam War ensured his downfall.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Creative Industries > School of Media and Communications
Depositing User: Leah Maughan
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2021 17:10
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2021 17:10
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/13143
ORCID for Kevin Yuill: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6321-6616

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