Factors shaping the implementation and use of Clinical Cancer Decision Tools by GPs in primary care: a qualitative framework synthesis.

Bradley, Paula Theresa, Hall, Nicola, Maniatopoulos, Gregory, Neal, Richard D, Paleri, Vinidh and Wilkes, Scott (2021) Factors shaping the implementation and use of Clinical Cancer Decision Tools by GPs in primary care: a qualitative framework synthesis. BMJ open, 11 (2). e043338. ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

Clinical Cancer Decision Tools (CCDTs) aim to alert general practitioners (GPs) to signs and symptoms of cancer, supporting prompt investigation and onward referral. CCDTs are available in primary care in the UK but are not widely utilised. Qualitative research has highlighted the complexities and mechanisms surrounding their implementation and use; this has focused on specific cancer types, formats, systems or settings. This study aims to synthesise qualitative data of GPs' attitudes to and experience with a range of CCDTs to gain better understanding of the factors shaping their implementation and use. A systematic search of the published (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science and EMBASE) and grey literature (July 2020). Following screening, selection and assessment of suitability, the data were analysed and synthesised using normalisation process theory. Six studies (2011 to 2019), exploring the views of GPs were included for analysis. Studies focused on the use of several different types of CCDTs (Risk Assessment Tools (RAT) or electronic version of RAT (eRAT), QCancer and the 7-point checklist). GPs agreed CCDTs were useful to increase awareness of signs and symptoms of undiagnosed cancer. They had concerns about the impact on trust in their own clinical acumen, whether secondary care clinicians would consider referrals generated by CCDT as valid and whether integration of the CCDTs within existing systems was achievable. CCDTs might be a helpful adjunct to clinical work in primary care, but without careful development to legitimise their use GPs are likely to give precedence to clinical acumen and gut instinct. Stakeholder consultation with secondary care clinicians and consideration of how the CCDTs fit into a GP consultation are crucial to successful uptake. The role and responsibilities of a GP as a clinician, gatekeeper, health promoter and resource manager affect the interaction with and implementation of innovations such as CCDTs. [Abstract copyright: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router
Uncontrolled Keywords: oncology, primary care, qualitative research
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
SWORD Depositor: Publication Router
Depositing User: Publication Router
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2021 14:46
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2021 14:46
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/13251
ORCID for Paula Theresa Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1908-1053
ORCID for Richard D Neal: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3544-2744
ORCID for Scott Wilkes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2949-7711

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