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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh

Kabir, Russell, Isha, Samia Naz, Chowdhury, Mohammad Tawfique Hossain, Siddika, Nazeeba, Jahan, Shah Saif, Saha, Arup Kumar, Nath, Sujan Kanti, Jahan, Mohammed Shahed, Sivasubramanian, Madhini, Mahmud, Ilias and Hoque Apu, Ehsanul (2021) Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (11). e5802. ISSN 1660-4601

Item Type: Article


Background: Bangladesh has been attracting international students with interests in various subjects recently. Every year students from different parts of the world come to study undergraduate and postgraduate courses, mostly at private universities in Bangladesh. This study evaluates the depression status among international students who are studying dentistry in Bangladesh. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among International undergraduate dental students who enrolled in the Bachelor of Dental Surgery program in nine public and private dental colleges in Bangladesh. Participants were selected using a convenience sampling method. A total of 206 students completed the survey where 78.5% of them were female students and 21.5% students were male, and a CES-D 10-item Likert scale questionnaire was used for data collection. The Cronbach alpha for the 10-item CES-D scale for this population is 0.812. Results: The majority of the students (79.5%) are below 24 years of age with a mean age of 23.22 years and standard deviation of 2.3, and are students who cannot communicate well in Bengali (Bangla), about 60% of them have experienced depression. About 77.3% (p 0.00) of the international students having financial difficulties exhibited depression. The international students who went through financial problems were two times more likely to suffer from depression (OR = 2.38; p-value 0.01). Conclusion: This study tried to highlight the struggles faced by international students in Bangladesh studying dentistry. It is evident from the findings that several factors influence students’ mental well-being during demanding dental education years.

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Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 25-05-2021; pub-electronic 28-05-2021. ** Licence for this article:
Uncontrolled Keywords: international student, depression, Bangladesh, dental, CES-D, undergraduate
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SWORD Depositor: Publication Router
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Item ID: 13550
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ISSN: 1660-4601
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Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Russell Kabir: ORCID iD
ORCID for Mohammad Tawfique Hossain Chowdhury: ORCID iD
ORCID for Nazeeba Siddika: ORCID iD
ORCID for Ilias Mahmud: ORCID iD
ORCID for Ehsanul Hoque Apu: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2021 10:19
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 10:19


Author: Russell Kabir ORCID iD
Author: Mohammad Tawfique Hossain Chowdhury ORCID iD
Author: Nazeeba Siddika ORCID iD
Author: Ilias Mahmud ORCID iD
Author: Ehsanul Hoque Apu ORCID iD
Author: Samia Naz Isha
Author: Shah Saif Jahan
Author: Arup Kumar Saha
Author: Sujan Kanti Nath
Author: Mohammed Shahed Jahan
Author: Madhini Sivasubramanian

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University of Sunderland in London

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