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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Basic calculation proficiency and mathematics achievement in elementary school children.

Cowan, Richard, Donlan, Chris, Shepherd, Donna-Lynn, Cole-Fletcher, Rachel, Saxton, Matthew and Hurry, Jane (2011) Basic calculation proficiency and mathematics achievement in elementary school children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 103 (4). pp. 786-803. ISSN 0022-0663

Item Type: Article


The relation between skill in simple addition and subtraction and more general math achievement in elementary school is well established but not understood. Both the intrinsic importance of skill in simple calculation for math and the influence of conceptual knowledge and cognitive factors (working memory, processing speed, oral language) on simple calculation and math are plausible. The authors investigated the development of basic calculation fluency and its relations to math achievement and other factors by tracking a group of 259 United Kingdom English children from second to third grade. In both grades the group did not retrieve the solutions to most problems, but their math achievement was typical. Improvement in basic calculation proficiency was partially predicted by conceptual knowledge and cognitive factors. These factors only partially mediated the relation between basic calculation and math achievement. The relation between reading and math was wholly mediated by number measures and cognitive factors.

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Depositing User: Leah Maughan


Item ID: 13635
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ISSN: 0022-0663
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Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Rachel Cole-Fletcher: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2021 11:24
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2021 11:25


Author: Rachel Cole-Fletcher ORCID iD
Author: Richard Cowan
Author: Chris Donlan
Author: Donna-Lynn Shepherd
Author: Matthew Saxton
Author: Jane Hurry

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology

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