Chickpea processing does not impact postprandial glycaemic response [Conference abstract]

Hafiz, M.S., Campbell, Matthew, Orfila, C. and Boesch, C. (2020) Chickpea processing does not impact postprandial glycaemic response [Conference abstract]. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 79 (OCE3) Nutrition Society Live 2020.

Full text not available from this repository.

Search Google Scholar

Abstract

Chickpeas are low glycaemic index foods with delayed digestion and reduced postprandial glycaemic responses (PPGR)(1). However, in vitro studies suggest that mechanical processing of chickpeas, that result in cell wall disruption, significantly increase both the rate and extent of starch digestion(2). There is little evidence on the impact of processing on the acute glycaemic response elicited after chickpea intake in vivo(3). Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of mechanical processing on PPGR in humans.

Thirteen healthy adults (4 males and 9 females) with mean (±SD) age 28.7 ± 6.6 years and, BMI 23.2 ± 2.5 kg/m2, attended 4 separate laboratory visits following an overnight fast. Participants were randomly allocated to consume a meal made of three different physical forms of chickpeas: whole chickpeas (CW), pureed chickpeas (CP), and pasta made of chickpea flour (CF); and control instant mashed potatoes (CT). All meals were matched for carbohydrate (50g) and fat (8g) content. Baseline and postprandial interstitial glucose responses were captured by continuous glucose monitoring (FreeStyle Libre pro) for a total of 24 hours. Here we report the acute postprandial responses during a 180 min observation window. Incremental area under the curve (iAUC) was calculated by the trapezoidal method, and data analysed using repeated measures ANOVA with post hoc tests using Bonferroni correction. Data are presented as mean (±SD) and statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

All participants had significantly lower PPGR in response to each chickpea meal as demonstrated by iAUC values (180 min period) which were significantly higher for CT visit (146.7 ± 63.5 mmol.min/L) compared to CW (62.2 ± 67.9 mmol.min/L), CF (59.6 ± 45.2 mmol.min/L), and CP (45.7 ± 45.4 mmol.min/L) with (p < 0.001) identified by ANOVA. Similarly, incremental peak postprandial glucose (after 45 min) was highest in CT (2.0 ± 1.3 mmol/L) in comparison to CF (0.8 ± 1.0 mmol/L), CW (0.6 ± 1.1 mmol/L), and CP (0.5 ± 0.4 mmol/L) with (p = 0.008). Due to high individual variations following chickpea product consumption, no differences between different processing methods could be established.

These results suggest that the postprandial glycaemic response to chickpeas is not impacted by mechanical processing. This may relate to higher protein content and presence of dietary fibre.

Item Type: Other
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Leah Maughan
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2021 08:54
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2021 09:00
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/13815
ORCID for Matthew Campbell: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5883-5041

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item