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Alternatives to school exclusion: interviews with head teachers in England

Martin-Denham, Sarah (2021) Alternatives to school exclusion: interviews with head teachers in England. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1741-2692

Item Type: Article


In England, there is a lack of qualitative data exploring the approaches used across age phases and types of schools seeking to provide alternatives to school exclusion. The study used thematic analysis and semi-structured 1:1 interviews with 46 headteachers to determine the strategies employed in their contexts. Three themes were identified: exclusionary systems, processes, and practices; limbo (schools in the mid-ground between inclusive and exclusive practices); and inclusionary systems, processes, and practices. The research highlights the vast range of alternative approaches to school exclusion used in different types of schools. It is evident that the lack of definition of ‘inclusion’ in Department for Education statutory guidance, coupled with schools being able to isolate and segregate children with special educational needs and disabilities for ‘limited periods’, allows for the adoption of exclusionary practices. The results have important messages for the Department of Education in understanding the range of inclusionary and exclusionary approaches used in schools. Furthermore, the study highlights the importance of ‘inclusion’ being consistently defined and explained across departmental statutory guidance to support the adoption of inclusive approaches in schools.

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Additional Information: ** From Crossref journal articles via Jisc Publications Router ** History: epub 23-11-2021; issued 23-11-2021.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychiatry and Mental health, Clinical Psychology, Developmental and Educational Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Publication Router
Depositing User: Publication Router


Item ID: 14238
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ISSN: 1741-2692
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ORCID for Sarah Martin-Denham: ORCID iD

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Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 16:41
Last Modified: 23 May 2023 02:38


Author: Sarah Martin-Denham ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Education and Society > School of Education

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