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The complexity of sustainable tourism behaviour during recession

Pappas, Nikolaos and Glyptou, Kyriaki (2022) The complexity of sustainable tourism behaviour during recession. In: THE INC 2022 - Tourism, Hospitality and Events: Innovation and Resilience during Uncertainty, 22-24 June 2022, Limassol, Cyprus. (Unpublished)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


During the last few decades sustainable tourism has exponentially increased its popularity, since it operates as a means for economic growth, increase of life quality, and natural and cultural heritage preservation. Nevertheless, the sustainability’s economic costs hider the potential for its wider implementation (Nickerson et al., 2016). Thus, tourists continue to select less sustainable behavioural patterns, even if they are highly environmentally committed (Barr et al., 2011). Previous studies indicate that during economic crises the environmental pressures related with sustainability are reduced because people tend to consume less (Evans, 2011). However, when we want to evaluate the sustainable tourism behaviour we have to take under consideration the complexity of the affiliated tourism systems (Franzoni, 2015). This is due to the fact that several indicators and interactions substantially influence the tourism behaviour (Agyeiwaah et al., 2017), and an asymmetric analysis of the behavioural complexity can assist us to better comprehend its formulation (Hsu et al., 2020).

This aim of this study is to examine the aspects that influence the complex decisions related with the sustainability of tourism behaviour during recession. The research was held in 2019, and the sample consists of 324 permanent adult residents of Athens (Greece) that more than a decade are batter with recession and extensive austerity measures. The study employs fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) considering the simple conditions of marketing activities, price and quality, destination image, and disposable tourism income. The findings have generated three pathways: (i) the economic impact (ii) the nexus towards price and quality, and (iii) the quality in the provided experience.

The contribution of this research lies in both, theoretical and methodological domains. Literature-wise, it contributes by examining the complexity of tourism decision-making related with sustainability during an economic crisis. Methodologically, it contributes by employing fsQCA (a relatively new method in tourism analysis), and by comparing its findings with the dominant linear analysis methods (regression; Cramer’s V).

Agyeiwaah, E., McKercher, B., & Suntikul, W. (2017) Identifying core indicators of sustainable tourism: A path forward? Tourism Management Perspectives, 24, 26-33.
Barr, S., Shaw, G., & Coles, T. (2011) Times for (Un)sustainability? Challenges and opportunities for developing behaviour change policy. A case-study of consumers at home and away. Global Environmental Change, 21(4), 1234-1244.
Franzoni, S. (2015) Measuring the sustainability performance of the tourism sector. Tourism Management Perspectives, 16, 22-27.
Hsu, C.Y., Chen, M.Y., Nyaupane, G.P. & Lin, S.H. (2020) Measuring sustainable tourism attitude scale (SUS-TAS) in an Eastern island context Tourism Management Perspectives, 33, 100617.
Nickerson, N.P., Jorgenson, J., & Boley, B.B. (2016) Are sustainable tourists a higher spending market? Tourism Management, 54, 170-177.

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Depositing User: Nicholas Pappas


Item ID: 14688
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Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Nikolaos Pappas: ORCID iD

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Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2022 10:06
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2022 12:52


Author: Nikolaos Pappas ORCID iD
Author: Kyriaki Glyptou

University Divisions

Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism


Tourism > Tourism

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