Close menu


Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Future of Jobs in IR4.0 Era: The Essential Technologies and Skills of the Future Jobs

Abdul Rahim, Noor Fareen, Sarkawi, Mohd. Nizam, Jaaffar, Abdul Rahman, Shamsuddin, Jauriyah, Salamzadeh, Yashar and Mohamed Abdelhay, Sameh (2022) Future of Jobs in IR4.0 Era: The Essential Technologies and Skills of the Future Jobs. In: Handbook of Research on Building Greener Economics and Adopting Digital Tools in the Era of Climate Change. IGI Global, pp. 306-323. ISBN 9781668446102

Item Type: Book Section


Industry 4.0 is revolutionizing the way companies work and integrate enabling technologies, including the internet of things (IoT), cloud computing, analytics, and AI and machine learning, to the production facilities and entire operations or on delivering their services. Advanced sensors, embedded software, and robotics are used in smart factories to collect and analyze data, allowing for better decision-making by more predictive analysis. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic posed challenges to the society to adapt to a new reality. While the rest of the world searches for answers, Industry 4.0 technology has become a vital component of how we survived the pandemic and how we will survive in the post-pandemic future. The main purpose of this chapter is to understand the future and reality of jobs in IR 4.0. There are several ways IR 4.0 will reinvent jobs in the future. For the readers, the authors divided the chapter into the following sections: “How IR 4.0 Reinvents Jobs,” “Types of Jobs in IR 4.0,” and “Conclusion.”

Full text not available from this repository.

More Information

Related URLs:
Depositing User: Yashar Salamzadeh


Item ID: 15108
Identification Number:
ISBN: 9781668446102
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Yashar Salamzadeh: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2022 14:30
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 14:30


Author: Yashar Salamzadeh ORCID iD
Author: Noor Fareen Abdul Rahim
Author: Mohd. Nizam Sarkawi
Author: Abdul Rahman Jaaffar
Author: Jauriyah Shamsuddin
Author: Sameh Mohamed Abdelhay

University Divisions

Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > Sunderland Business School


Business and Management > Business
Business and Management > Business and Management
Business and Management > Management (general)

Actions (login required)

View Item (Repository Staff Only) View Item (Repository Staff Only)