Close menu


Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Urgency and benefits of protecting Iranian carpets using geographical indications

Tehrani, Pardis and Manap, Nazura Abdul (2013) Urgency and benefits of protecting Iranian carpets using geographical indications. Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 21. pp. 110-116.

Item Type: Article


The objective of this paper is to analyse the effectiveness and sufficiency of current mechanisms in Iran to protect their
carpet industry and the best way to improve current situation. In doing so, the existing treaties such as the Madrid Protocol,
the Lisbon Agreement and the TRIPS Agreement and their differences are considered. This paper finds that the Lisbon
Agreement and the Madrid Protocol are not sufficient to protect the Iranian carpet industry that encompasses Iranian
traditions and skills transferred over centuries. The paper also points out some loopholes in the law of protection of
geographical indication within the existing conventions vis-à-vis those Iran has not been given access to. It is argued that the geographical indication of Iranian handmade carpets that is left semi-protected should be protected through a more
acceptable agreement such as the TRIPS Agreement to suit the needs of such products.

[img] PDF
Urgency and Benefits of Protecting Iranian Carpets using Geographical Indications.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (77kB)

More Information

Uncontrolled Keywords: Geographical indication, appellation of origin, traditional knowledge, handmade Iranian carpets
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pardis Tehrani


Item ID: 15561
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Pardis Tehrani: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2023 11:31
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 10:56


Author: Pardis Tehrani ORCID iD
Author: Nazura Abdul Manap

University Divisions

Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism
Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > School of Law
Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > Sunderland Law School


Law > Law

Actions (login required)

View Item (Repository Staff Only) View Item (Repository Staff Only)