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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Cyber Terrorism: Issues in its interpretation and Enforcement

Manap, Nazura Abdul and Tehrani, Pardis (2012) Cyber Terrorism: Issues in its interpretation and Enforcement. International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering, 2 (3). p. 410.

Item Type: Article


—Cyber terrorism is a term which represents an act
of terrorising using cyberspace as a medium. This phrase is
controversial as there is no exact meaning of it. Generally, it is
known as “The premeditated use of disruptive activities, or the
threat thereof, against computers and/or networks, with the
intention to cause harm or further social, ideological, religious,
political or similar objectives”. The obvious dissimilarity
between cyber terrorism and ordinary terrorism is its
transborderless nature. Despite of that specific characteristic,
the common challenge faced by both types of terrorism is the
lack of definition on what terrorism is. What more to offer
specific description on cyber terrorism, as it involves technical
discrepancies and ambiguous legal interpretation. With the
uncertainty nature of cyber crimes and its transborderless
characteristic, the concerted effort from various related
organisations are needed to solve problems brought about by
this crime. Thus, this paper is aimed at: to explore the existing
definitions of cyber terrorism and; to look at the current
action taken by the relevant organisation in combating this

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Depositing User: Pardis Tehrani


Item ID: 15616
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Pardis Tehrani: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2023 12:29
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 10:56


Author: Pardis Tehrani ORCID iD
Author: Nazura Abdul Manap

University Divisions

Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > School of Law
Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > Sunderland Law School


Law > Law

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