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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

The Effects of Reverberation Time and Amount on the Emotional Characteristics

Mo, Ronald, Wu, Bin and Horner, Andrew (2016) The Effects of Reverberation Time and Amount on the Emotional Characteristics. In: International Computer Music Conference, Sep 12, 2016 - Sep 16, 2016, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


Though previous research has shown the effects of reverberation on clarity, spaciousness, and other perceptual aspects of music, it is still largely unknown to what extent reverberation influences the emotional characteristics of musical instrument sounds. This paper investigates the effect the effect of reverberation length and amount by conducting a listening test to compare the effect of reverberation on the emotional characteristics of eight instrument sounds over eight emotional categories. We found that reverberation length and amount had a strongly significant effect on Romantic and Mysterious, and a medium effect on Sad, Scary, and Heroic. Interestingly, for Comic, reverberation length and amount had the opposite effect, that is, anechoic tones were judged most Comic.

bbp2372.2016.003.pdf - Accepted Version
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Depositing User: Ronald Mo


Item ID: 15839
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Ronald Mo: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2023 15:55
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2023 12:00


Author: Ronald Mo ORCID iD
Author: Bin Wu
Author: Andrew Horner

University Divisions

Faculty of Technology > School of Computer Science


Performing Arts > Music

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