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Evaluation of real-time monitored ozone concentration from Abuja, Nigeria

Ihedike, Christabel, Mooney, John, Fulton, John and Ling, Jonathan (2023) Evaluation of real-time monitored ozone concentration from Abuja, Nigeria. BMC Public health, 23 (496).

Item Type: Article


Real-time ozone (O3) concentration is vital for accurate analysis of O3 to inform the public about O3 concentrations that may have an adverse effect on health. Few studies have analysed air pollution in Abuja, Nigeria and non on real-time ozone concentrations. As a result, there is a scarcity of data and information on real-time ozone pollution, pointing to a gap that needs to be urgently closed to enable a better understanding of ozone pollution and the causes and consequences in terms of the associated health risks.

In this study, -time concentrations of ground-level ozone were measured in a busy urban pollution monitoring station. Using a real-time ozone monitor to enable real-time monitoring of O3 concentration of ozone for the first time in Abuja. The ozone concentrations followed a clear pattern with high concentrations being recorded during the dry (harmattan) season. Concentrations higher than the WHO standard of (eight-hour averaged) 100 µg/m3, occurred on 53 days over the 5-month dry season. Of those 53 days, 18 had ozone concentrations greater than 200 µg/m3. Daily patterns showed a rise throughout the day, reaching a peak in the evening. Weekday/weekend differences were less pronounced than those found in other studies. High temperatures and local climatic conditions in Abuja encourage the formation of ozone. In this study, we confirm the concentration of ozone, and the pattern can be episodic and potentially damaging to health. There is a need for better regulation and measures to reduce ozone, particularly when local climatic conditions, such as harmattan, favour the development of photochemical smog in such settings.

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Uncontrolled Keywords: Real-time ozone monitoring, Air pollution, Nigeria, Abuja, Harmattan
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Christabel Ihedike


Item ID: 15957
Identification Number: 10.1186
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for John Mooney: ORCID iD
ORCID for John Fulton: ORCID iD
ORCID for Jonathan Ling: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 05 May 2023 13:25
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 13:25


Author: John Mooney ORCID iD
Author: John Fulton ORCID iD
Author: Jonathan Ling ORCID iD
Author: Christabel Ihedike

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Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing

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