Close menu


Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Metabolic rift theory and the complexities of water conflict between India and Pakistan: A pathway to effective environmental management

Ul-Durar, Shajara, Shah, Muzammel, De Sisto, Marco and Arshed, Noman (2023) Metabolic rift theory and the complexities of water conflict between India and Pakistan: A pathway to effective environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management, 347. p. 119164. ISSN 03014797

Item Type: Article


The exacerbation of the historical and geopolitical tensions between India and Pakistan, largely attributed to colonial legacies, is further amplified due to climate change-induced water conflicts. These environmental management issues stemming from the climate crisis are urgent, demanding innovative and collaborative solutions. The primary aim of this article is to elucidate the complexities of the water conflict between India and Pakistan and propose more effective environmental management strategies that will ultimately foster regional peace and stability. The article applies the metabolic rift theory, a sociological approach, to comprehensively explain crisis-led ecological challenges in the Indo-Pak context. By applying this theory, the article reveals that collective environmental management strategies, particularly those aimed at water resource management, can significantly mitigate the impact of climate crisis and the related climate-induced conflicts. The study also proposes a need-based approach to environmental management, stressing the importance of having integrated water resource planning (harmoniously) shared between India and Pakistan. This includes ensuring sustainable wastewater treatment, securing freshwater quality, and guaranteeing an equitable distribution and utilization of water resources between these two nations.

PDF (Published Version)
1-s2.0-S0301479723019527-main.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

More Information

Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change Water conflict Metabolic rift theory Need-based approach Pakistan India
Depositing User: Shajara Ul-Durar


Item ID: 17051
Identification Number:
ISSN: 03014797
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2023 16:31
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2023 16:45


Author: Shajara Ul-Durar
Author: Muzammel Shah
Author: Marco De Sisto
Author: Noman Arshed

University Divisions

Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism > Sunderland Business School


Business and Management > Business and Management

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item