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Peripheral arterial disease: diagnostic challenges and how photoplethysmography may help

Wilkes, Scott, Stansby, Gerard, Sims, Andrew, Haining, Shona and Allen, John (2015) Peripheral arterial disease: diagnostic challenges and how photoplethysmography may help. British Journal of General Practice (BJGP), 65 (635). pp. 323-324. ISSN 0960-1643

Item Type: Article


Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects approximately 20% of patients aged ≥60 years.1 A GP with an average list size of 1800 patients can expect to have 50–60 patients with PAD. Ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI), which is the ratio of the ankle to brachial systolic pressure measured by sphygmomanometer and hand-held Doppler ultrasound probe, is used to assess PAD in general practice. ABPI has been shown to have a sensitivity of 95% and specificity of 99% compared to angiographic imaging,2 however it is relatively time-consuming and requires adequately trained staff. There are limitations with ABPI in patients with diabetes, renal disease, and older people where an underestimation of disease can occur with a falsely high ratio due to the presence of incompressible calcified blood vessels.

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Depositing User: Paula Normington


Item ID: 5578
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0960-1643
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ORCID for Scott Wilkes: ORCID iD

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Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2015 13:17
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 11:16


Author: Scott Wilkes ORCID iD
Author: Gerard Stansby
Author: Andrew Sims
Author: Shona Haining
Author: John Allen

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Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing


Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
Sciences > Health Sciences

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