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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

‘Community Fear and Harassment’: Learning Difficulties and Hate Crime Incidents in the North-east of England.

Macdonald, Stephen J (2015) ‘Community Fear and Harassment’: Learning Difficulties and Hate Crime Incidents in the North-east of England. Disability and Society, 30 (3). pp. 353-367. ISSN 0968-7599

Item Type: Article


The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between impairment, dis¬abling barriers and risk factors relating to hate crime incidents. The study analy¬ses quantitative data collected in 2011–2012 where there were 81 incidents of disability hate crime reported in the Tyne and Wear area of England. The research discovered that in the Tyne and Wear region people with learning diffi¬culties have a greater likelihood of experiencing hate crime than do people with other impairments. Although there was no significant difference between impair¬ment and types of hate crime incidents recorded (i.e. verbal abuse/harassment, violence and criminal damage), there were distinct differences between police and victim support responses to victims which correlated to impairment catego¬ries (p ≤ 0.05). The study concludes by suggesting that owing to specific dis¬abling barriers experienced by people with learning difficulties, this group is at increased risk of being victimised and is less likely to receive support from crim¬inal justice agencies.

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Depositing User: Stephen Macdonald


Item ID: 6756
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ISSN: 0968-7599
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ORCID for Stephen J Macdonald: ORCID iD

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Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2016 11:43
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 15:40


Author: Stephen J Macdonald ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Education and Society
Faculty of Education and Society > School of Social Sciences


Social Sciences

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