Assessing the feasibility of using health information in alcohol licensing decisions: a case study of seven English local authorities

Mooney, John, Sattar, Zeibeda, de Vocht, Frank, Smolar, Maria, Nicholls, James and Jonathan, Ling (2016) Assessing the feasibility of using health information in alcohol licensing decisions: a case study of seven English local authorities. The Lancet, 388 (S79). ISSN 0140-6736

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Background In 2011, local authority Directors of Public Health were designated as one of the responsible authorities for all alcohol licensing decisions in England. Since there is no explicit licensing objective around health, any representations need to be based on the existing objectives oriented around public safety, prevention of nuisance, child protection, and crime prevention. We aimed to appraise the benefits of an analytical support package developed by Public Health England in facilitating the use of health-related information in local licensing decisions and the
prospects for a dedicated health-related licensing objective.
Methods A case-study methodology was used to invite nine local authority pilot areas to participate (one declined)
on the basis of broad geographical representativeness across English regions and qualifying criteria that included a dedicated public health lead for alcohol licensing. Each participant was provided with an analytical support package consisting of a compendium of health-relevant data, local mapping software, and guidance on setting up data-sharing agreements. Key informants, including those in public health and licensing, were interviewed at baseline and after
8–12 weeks. Three mock licensing hearings, in which hypothetical licence applications involving health-related evidence were assessed by a panel, were conducted during the intervention phase. Follow-up focus group interviews involved a total of 31 informants across seven sites. A quantitative assessment of licensing activity was derived from Home Office statistics.
Findings Perceived difficulty in proving that a new licence would have a damaging impact on health had the effect of discouraging objections from public health teams. Obtaining timely access to localised health information was often problematic. There was also a degree of mismatch between the predominantly data-oriented approach by public health teams and the need for contextualised evidence for presentation to councillors. Early findings, however, demonstrated that several local authority areas were able to overcome these issues by incorporating novel indicators of health harm
and using the mapping tools as a way of engaging their licensing committee. Interpretation Constraints around the more effective use of health information in the alcohol licensing process are not restricted to the presence or absence of a dedicated health-related licensing objective. Although such an objective
might enhance the legitimacy of a role for public health, more streamlined access to localised health information,
stronger collaborative working with other responsible authorities, and training in how to contextualise evidence will be crucial to improving local alcohol harm reduction through licensing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health objective; alcohol licensing
Subjects: Sciences > Health Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > FHSW Executive
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: John Mooney
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 13:39
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 15:40
ORCID for John Mooney: ORCID iD
ORCID for Ling Jonathan: ORCID iD

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