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Evolutionary Analysis of GSM, UMTS and LTE Mobile Network Architectures

Irving, Philip and Ochang, Pascal A (2016) Evolutionary Analysis of GSM, UMTS and LTE Mobile Network Architectures. World Scientific News, 54. pp. 27-39. ISSN 2392-2192

Item Type: Article


The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) which is a standard for 2G (second
generation) cellular networks has created an avenue for the development of 3G (third generation) and
4G (fourth Generation) cellular network standards such as Universal Mobile Telecommunications
System (UMTS) and long term evolution (LTE). With the deployment of new technologies still on the
way, the era beyond 3G and 4G requires that cellular and radio technologies need to work together
forming highly heterogeneous networks, therefore this paper analyses already existing cellular
network technologies such as LTE, GSM and UMTS in order to give a general understanding of their
architectures, functional and evolutional dependencies and also to provide an evolutionary trend and a
clear overview of the support provided for other telecommunications infrastructure.

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Depositing User: Barry Hall


Item ID: 7512
ISSN: 2392-2192
Official URL:

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Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 08:31
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2021 10:58


Author: Philip Irving
Author: Pascal A Ochang

University Divisions

Faculty of Technology
Faculty of Technology > School of Computer Science


Computing > Network Computing

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