Close menu


Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Separate but Equal? A Philosophical Evaluation of Mixed-Sex Football in England

Davis, Paul, Edwards, Lisa and Forbes, Alison (2019) Separate but Equal? A Philosophical Evaluation of Mixed-Sex Football in England. Fair Play, Journal of Philosophy, Ethics and Sports Law, 13. pp. 79-90. ISSN 2014-9255

Item Type: Article


The Football Association (FA) has imposed a ban on mixed-sex football beyond age 18 on the basis that (after age 18) males have an unfair advantage and females face an unacceptable risk of injury. In this paper, we critically evaluate the FA’s rationale and conclude that restriction on the grounds of fairness or harm is unpersuasive. We also argue that there are compelling reasons to remove the limitation on individual female players having access to the highest (or preferred) level of competition. Finally, we present reasons for rejecting forced sex- integration and consider the potential consequences of the recent rule changes governing mixed-sex football in age groups U7-U18 in England.

[img] PDF
Davis Edwards Forbes Separate but equal 2019.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (261kB) | Request a copy

More Information

Depositing User: Eddie Bradley


Item ID: 10666
ISSN: 2014-9255
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Paul Davis: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 11:23
Last Modified: 16 May 2022 13:01


Author: Paul Davis ORCID iD
Author: Lisa Edwards
Author: Alison Forbes

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences


Sciences > Sport Sciences

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item