Evaluating a potential role for community pharmacists in post-bariatric patient nutritional support

Graham, Yitka, Earl-Sinha, Charlotte, Parkin, Lindsay, Callejas-Diaz, Lindes, Fox, Ann, Tierney, Callum, Mahawar, Kamal and Hayes, Catherine (2020) Evaluating a potential role for community pharmacists in post-bariatric patient nutritional support. Clinical Obesity. ISSN 1758-8111

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Abstract

Background
Physiological changes to the body from bariatric surgery necessitate lifelong vitamin and mineral supplementation to prevent potential nutritional deficiencies. Presently, there is no consensus on appropriate long-term follow-up in community settings for people who have undergone bariatric surgery. Current UK guidelines recommend annual monitoring of nutritional status, but little else.
Methods
Semi-structured interviews were carried out with members of a high volume bariatric surgical unit and community pharmacists working in a variety of settings and locations. Data were collected between June - August 2018 and analysed using a thematic analytic framework.
Results
Twenty-five participants were recruited. Bariatric staff (n=9) reported negligible interaction with community pharmacists but felt establishing communication, and developing a potential pathway to collaborate, would provide additional support and potentially improved levels of patient compliance. Community pharmacists (n=16) reported poor knowledge of bariatric surgery, indicating they were unable to routinely identify people who had bariatric surgery, but understood issues with absorption of vitamins.
Conclusion
There is evident potential to involve community pharmacists in post-bariatric patient care pathways. Pharmacists possess knowledge of absorption and metabolism of supplements which could be used to actively support people who have had bariatric surgery in their changed physiological status. Education ought to focus on the functional impact of bariatric surgical procedures and interventions and the consequent nutritional recommendations required. Communication between bariatric units and community pharmacies is needed to construct a clear and formalised infrastructure of support, with remuneration for pharmacy specialist expertise agreed to ensure both financial viability and sustainability.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Yitka Graham
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2020 13:14
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2020 11:07
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/11935
ORCID for Yitka Graham: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6206-1461
ORCID for Catherine Hayes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3870-2668

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