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PARENTAL CHILDHOOD VACCINE HESITANCY AND PREDICTING UPTAKE OF VACCINATIONS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Obohwemu, Kennedy, Christie-de Jong, Floor and Jonathan, Ling (2022) PARENTAL CHILDHOOD VACCINE HESITANCY AND PREDICTING UPTAKE OF VACCINATIONS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Primary Health Care Research & Development. (In Press)

Item Type: Article

Abstract

Aim

This review aims to: 1) identify relevant quantitative research on parental childhood vaccine hesitancy with vaccine uptake and vaccination intention being relevant outcomes; and 2) Map the gaps in knowledge on vaccine hesitancy to develop suggestions for further research and to guide interventions in this field.

Background

Vaccine hesitancy recognises a continuum between vaccine acceptance and vaccine refusal, de-polarising past anti-vaccine and pro-vaccine categorisations of individuals and groups. Vaccine hesitancy poses a serious challenge to international efforts to lessen the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases. Potential vaccination barriers must be identified to inform initiatives aimed at increasing vaccine awareness, acceptance, and uptake.

Methods

Five databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles published between 1998 and 2020 in the fields of medicine, nursing, public health, biological sciences, and social sciences. Across these datasets, a comprehensive search technique was used to identify multiple variables of public trust, confidence, and hesitancy about vaccines. Using PRISMA guidelines, 34 papers were included so long as they focused on childhood immunisations, employed multivariate analysis, and were published during the time frame. Significant challenges to vaccine uptake or intention were identified in these studies. Barriers to vaccination for the target populations were grouped using conceptual frameworks based on the Protection Motivation Theory and the WHO SAGE Working Group model and explored using the 5C psychological antecedents of vaccination.

Findings

Although several characteristics were shown to relate to vaccine hesitancy, they do not allow for a thorough classification or proof of their individual and comparative level of influence. Understudied themes were also discovered during the review. Lack of confidence, complacency, constraints, calculation, and collective responsibility have all been highlighted as barriers to vaccination uptake among parents to different degrees.

Keywords: Vaccine, Childhood Vaccines, Vaccination, Immunisation, Hesitancy, Confidence, Parents, Public Trust

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More Information

Depositing User: Kennedy Obohwemu

Identifiers

Item ID: 15361
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/15361
Official URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/primary-he...

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Kennedy Obohwemu: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5175-1179
ORCID for Floor Christie-de Jong: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5275-8030
ORCID for Ling Jonathan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2932-4474

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2022 09:36
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2022 09:36

Contributors

Author: Kennedy Obohwemu ORCID iD
Author: Floor Christie-de Jong ORCID iD
Author: Ling Jonathan ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing

Subjects

Sciences > Health Sciences
Psychology > Psychology

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