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Measuring the speed of the conscious components of recognition memory: Remembering is faster than knowing

Dewhurst, Stephen A, Holmes, Selina J, Brandt, Karen R and Dean, Graham M. (2006) Measuring the speed of the conscious components of recognition memory: Remembering is faster than knowing. Consciousness and cognition, 15 (1). pp. 147-162.

Item Type: Article


Three experiments investigated response times (RTs) for remember and know responses in recognition memory. RTs to remember responses were faster than RTs to know responses, regardless of whether the remember–know decision was preceded by an old/new decision (two-step procedure) or was made without a preceding old/new decision (one-step procedure). The finding of faster RTs for R responses was also found when remember–know decisions were made retrospectively. These findings are inconsistent with dual-process models of recognition memory, which predict that recollection is slower and more effortful than familiarity. Word frequency did not influence RTs, but remember responses were faster for words than for nonwords. We argue that the difference in RTs to remember and know responses reflects the time taken to make old/new decisions on the basis of the type of information activated at test.

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Depositing User: Graham Dean


Item ID: 16102
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Date Deposited: 16 May 2023 16:38
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2023 08:01


Author: Stephen A Dewhurst
Author: Selina J Holmes
Author: Karen R Brandt
Author: Graham M. Dean

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology


Psychology > Cognitive Behaviour

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