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Selective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigm

Dean, Graham M., Dewhurst, Stephen A, Morris, Peter E and Whittaker, Annalise (2005) Selective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31 (5). pp. 1043-1068.

Item Type: Article


Eight experiments investigated the effects of visual, spatial, auditory, and executive interference on the symbolic comparison of animal size and ferocity, semantic goodness of words, and numbers. Dynamic visual noise (DVN) and the reading of visually presented stimulus items were shown to selectively interfere with response times on the animal size comparison task, though the slope of the symbolic distance function remained unchanged. Increased change of DVN significantly increased interference, but interference was reduced by equiluminant DVN. Spatial tracking reduced the slope of the symbolic distance function in contrast to an executive task that only increased mean latency and errors for all comparisons. Results suggest that the generation of an image is necessary for size comparison, but neither imagery nor executive function is responsible for the frequently observed distance-time function.

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Depositing User: Graham Dean


Item ID: 16104
Identification Number: 10.1037%2F0278-7393.31.5.1043
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Date Deposited: 16 May 2023 16:41
Last Modified: 16 May 2023 16:41


Author: Graham M. Dean
Author: Stephen A Dewhurst
Author: Peter E Morris
Author: Annalise Whittaker

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology


Psychology > Cognitive Behaviour

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