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Universal Free School Breakfast: A Qualitative Process Evaluation According to the Perspectives of Senior Stakeholders

Harvey-Golding, Louise and Defeyter, Margaret A (2016) Universal Free School Breakfast: A Qualitative Process Evaluation According to the Perspectives of Senior Stakeholders. Frontiers in Public Health, 4 (161). ISSN 2296-2565

Item Type: Article


In the last decade, the provision of school breakfast has increased significantly in the UK. However, there is an absence of knowledge regarding senior stakeholder views on the processes and potential outcomes on different groups, within the communities served by school breakfast programs. The purpose of this study was to examine the views and experiences of senior level stakeholders and thereby provide an original qualitative contribution to the research. A sample of senior level stakeholders was recruited, including senior officers, directors, and elected members, from within a Local Authority (LA) involved in the leadership, implementation and delivery of a council-wide universal free school breakfast (UFSB) program, and from the senior staff body of mainstream primary and special schools, participating in the program. A grounded theory analysis of the data collected identified issues encountered in the implementation and delivery, and views on the funding and future of a USFB program, in addition to perceived outcomes for children, parents, families, schools, and the wider community. The results refer to both positive and negative issues and implications associated with the program, according to the perspectives of senior level stakeholders. Perceived positive outcomes included benefits to children, families, schools, and the community. For instance, alleviating hunger, improving health outcomes, and conferring financial benefits, with the potential to cumulate in overall improvements in educational, social, and behavioral outcomes. Reported negative implications included the absence of an effective communication strategy in implementing the USFB program; in addition to concerns about the impacts of “double-breakfasting” on obesity levels among children, particularly in less deprived communities. Findings were validated using theoretical sampling and saturation, triangulation methods, member checks, and inter-rater reliability measures. In presenting these findings, this paper provides a unique qualitative insight into the processes, issues and outcomes of a council-wide UFSB program within a socioeconomically deprived community, according to the perceptions of senior level stakeholders.

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Depositing User: Louise Harvey-Golding


Item ID: 17326
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ISSN: 2296-2565
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Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Louise Harvey-Golding: ORCID iD
ORCID for Margaret A Defeyter: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2024 09:19
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2024 09:30


Author: Louise Harvey-Golding ORCID iD
Author: Margaret A Defeyter ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology


Sciences > Health Sciences

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