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A case study on the impact of Artificial Intelligence supported spirometry in primary care

Adams, Clare, Smets, Elena, Maes, J, Rees, Jon and Topalovic, M (2024) A case study on the impact of Artificial Intelligence supported spirometry in primary care. In: The European Respiratory Society Congress 2024, 7-11 Sep 2024, Vienna, Austria. (Unpublished)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)


Spirometry is a key test to identify respiratory diseases. However, long waiting lists are present throughout
England, with an estimated backlog of 200 – 250 patients per 500.000. Moreover, poor quality of spirometry
data and a lack of confidence when interpreting spirometry in primary care further drive suboptimal use.
This study aims to investigate the impact of providing ArtiQ.Spiro, i.e. AI-based software to support primary
care practitioners in performing and interpreting spirometry.
Two ARTP-accredited healthcare professionals, a general practitioner and a nurse, used ArtiQ.Spiro over 5
months. They evaluated spirometry quality and made a diagnostic interpretation first without the ArtiQ.Spiro
software and then with AI support. For each, they recorded (i) the time it took to interpret the test, (ii) how
confident they were in their interpretation.
51 spirometry sessions were collected. The average time to evaluate the spirometry results decreased by
using ArtiQ.Spiro from 10.6 ± 4.1 min. to 5.6 ± 5.6 min (p<0.001). The confidence level in the interpretation
did not change, with a median of 4 on a 5-point Likert scale without and with AI support. The AI matched
the quality assessment in 94% of the cases and matched the diagnosis in 86% of the cases (4% missing
data). The final diagnosis needed further clinical consideration.
This study shows that AI has the potential to reduce the time for interpretation of spirometry traces and
support healthcare professionals in the execution and interpretation of spirometry. This could improve
access to spirometry services

PDF (abstract)
20240214101927 8A72HCJYT42TA2BT.pdf

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More Information

Depositing User: Jon Rees


Item ID: 17692
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Jon Rees: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2024 12:39
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2024 12:45


Author: Jon Rees ORCID iD
Author: Clare Adams
Author: Elena Smets
Author: J Maes
Author: M Topalovic

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology


Sciences > Health Sciences

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