Close menu


Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Exploring Multidisciplinary use of Unlicensed Medicines across Primary and Secondary Care (EMULSION)

Donovan, Gemma, Parkin, Lindsay, Brierley-Jones, Lyn, Benson, Anne and Wilkes, Scott (2016) Exploring Multidisciplinary use of Unlicensed Medicines across Primary and Secondary Care (EMULSION). Project Report. UNSPECIFIED.

Item Type: Reports, briefing/ working papers (Project Report)


An unlicensed medicine (ULM) is a product which does not have a marketing authorisation from the MHRA. ULMs include Specials, food supplements and imported medicines. They have not
undergone the same regulatory processes as licensed medicines, including rigorous assessment of safety and efficacy. How and why prescribers choose to initiate these medicines, pharmacists
source them and patients use them has never been explored.
Aim and objectives

• To explore the use of unlicensed medicines across primary and secondary care from the
perspectives of prescribers, pharmacists and patients
– To conduct an analysis of guidance documentation designed to support the use of
unlicensed medicines
– To describe experiences of prescribing, dispensing and taking ULMs
– To explore perceptions of risks and benefits associated with ULMs
– To identify concerns around use of ULMs
– To discover any perceived improvements to ULM use in the NHS

PDF (EMULSION Final Report)
6361 EMULSION-Report.pdf - Submitted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (487kB) | Preview

More Information

Related URLs:
Depositing User: Gemma Donovan


Item ID: 6361
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Scott Wilkes: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2016 10:42
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 15:39


Author: Scott Wilkes ORCID iD
Author: Gemma Donovan
Author: Lindsay Parkin
Author: Lyn Brierley-Jones
Author: Anne Benson

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences


Social Sciences > Health and Social Care
Sciences > Health Sciences
Sciences > Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Actions (login required)

View Item (Repository Staff Only) View Item (Repository Staff Only)