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Comparitive Aanalysis of the Results of Performance Strategies Tests Between British and Hungarian Female Gymnasts

Kalmar, Zsuzsa, Nagykaldi, Csaba, Balazsi, Robert, Munkacsi, Istvan, Soos, Istvan, Toth, Laszlo and Hamar, Pal (2014) Comparitive Aanalysis of the Results of Performance Strategies Tests Between British and Hungarian Female Gymnasts. Cognition, Brain, Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, XVIII (4). pp. 335-347. ISSN 1224-8398

Item Type: Article


The aim of the present study was to describe/explain differences in the psychological skills of the British (N=17) and Hungarian (N=16) female gymnasts. Members of both groups who had been preparing for the London Olympic Games were selected to participate in our study. The behavior strategy of female gymnasts was measured with the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS) instrument. The questionnaire was applied to Hungarian and British participants. Test-retest reliability was between 0.61 and 0.89. Cronbach�s alpha values were between 0.74 and 0.93 during the practice period in Hungarian group. Test-retest values measured during the competition period were between 0.63 and 0.87, while the alpha values ranged from 0.73 to 0.88 also in Hungarian. Differences were hypothesized in the psychological skills between the two samples of gymnasts. The hypotheses were partially confirmed. Results suggest that gymnast groups attain their goals related to sport performance through different behavioral strategies.

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More Information

Depositing User: Barry Hall


Item ID: 6725
ISSN: 1224-8398
Official URL:

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Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2016 12:59
Last Modified: 20 May 2019 11:47


Author: Zsuzsa Kalmar
Author: Csaba Nagykaldi
Author: Robert Balazsi
Author: Istvan Munkacsi
Author: Istvan Soos
Author: Laszlo Toth
Author: Pal Hamar

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences > Department of Sport and Excercise Sciences
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing


Sciences > Sport Sciences

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