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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Economic returns of using brewery's spent grain in animal feed

Ben-Hamed, Usama, Seddighi, Hamid and Thomas, Keith (2011) Economic returns of using brewery's spent grain in animal feed. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (74). pp. 701-705. ISSN 2010-376x

Item Type: Article


UK breweries generate extensive by products in the form of spent grain, slurry and yeast. Much of the spent grain is produced by large breweries and processed in bulk for animal feed. Spent brewery grains contain up to 20% protein dry weight and up to 60% fiber and are useful additions to animal feed. Bulk processing is economic and allows spent grain to be sold so providing an income to the brewery. A proportion of spent grain, however, is produced by small local breweries and is more variably distributed to farms or other users using intermittent collection methods. Such use is much less economic and may incur losses if not carefully assessed for transport costs. This study reports an economic returns of using wet brewery spent grain (WBSG) in animal feed using the Co-product Optimizer Decision Evaluator model (Cattle CODE) developed by the University of Nebraska to predict performance and economic returns when byproducts are fed to finishing cattle. The results indicated that distance from brewery to farm had a significantly greater effect on the economics of use of small brewery spent grain and that alternative uses than cattle feed may be important to develop.

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More Information

Uncontrolled Keywords: Animal Feed, Brewery Spent Grains, cattle CODE, Economic returns
Depositing User: Marion Little


Item ID: 942
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2010-376x
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Hamid Seddighi: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2011 10:14
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 16:37