Spatial narrative context modulates semantic (but not visual) competition during discourse processing

Williams, Glenn P., Kukona, Anuenue and Kamide, Yuki (2019) Spatial narrative context modulates semantic (but not visual) competition during discourse processing. Journal of Memory and Language, 108. p. 104030. ISSN 0749-596X

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Abstract

Recent research highlights the influence of (e.g., task) context on conceptual retrieval. In order to assess whether conceptual representations are context-dependent rather than static, we investigated the influence of spatial narrative context on accessibility for lexical-semantic information by exploring competition effects. In two visual world experiments, participants listened to narratives describing semantically related (piano-trumpet; Experiment 1) or visually similar (bat-cigarette; Experiment 2) objects in the same or separate narrative locations while viewing arrays displaying these (“target” and “competitor”) objects and other distractors. Upon re-mention of the target, we analysed eye movements to the competitor. In Experiment 1, we observed semantic competition only when targets and competitors were described in the same location; in Experiment 2, we observed visual competition regardless of context. We interpret these results as consistent with context-dependent approaches, such that spatial narrative context dampens accessibility for semantic but not visual information in the visual world.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Languages > Languages
Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Glenn Williams
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2019 10:16
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2020 02:38
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/11093
ORCID for Glenn P. Williams: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1965-7881

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