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Benevolent and corrective humor, life satisfaction, and broad humor dimensions: Extending the nomological network of the BenCor across 25 countries

Heintz, Sonja, Ruch, Willibald, Aykan, Simge, Brdar, Ingrid, Brzozowska, Dorota, Carretero-Dios, Hugo, Chen, Hsueh-Chih, Chłopicki, Władysław, Choi, Incheol, Dionigi, Alberto, Ďurka, Robert, Ford, Thomas, Güsewell, Angelika, Isler, Robert, Ivanova, Alyona, Laineste, Liisi, Lajčiaková, Petra, Lau, Chloe, Lee, Minha, Măda, Stanca, Martin-Krumm, Charles, Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés, Migiwa, Ifu, Mustafi, Nailya, Oshio, Atsushi, Platt, Tracey, Proyer, René T., Quiroga-Garza, Angélica, Ramis, Tamil Selvan, Săftoiu, Răzvan, Saklofske, Donald H., Shcherbakova, Olga V., Slezackova, Alena, Stalikas, Anastasios, Stokenberga, Ieva, Torres-Marín, Jorge and Wong, Peter S.O. (2019) Benevolent and corrective humor, life satisfaction, and broad humor dimensions: Extending the nomological network of the BenCor across 25 countries. Journal of Happiness Studies.. ISSN 1389-4978

Item Type: Article


Benevolent and corrective humor are two comic styles that have been related to virtue, morality, and character strengths. A previous study also supported the viability of measuring these two styles with the BenCor in 22 countries. The present study extends the previous one by including further countries (a total of 25 countries in 29 samples with N = 7,813), by testing the revised BenCor (BenCor-R), and by adding two criterion measures to assess life satisfaction and four broad humor dimensions (social fun/entertaining humor, mockery, humor ineptness, and cognitive/reflective humor). As expected, the BenCor-R showed mostly promising psychometric properties (internal consistency and factorial validity). Consistent with previous studies, benevolent humor correlated positively with life satisfaction in most countries, while corrective humor was uncorrelated with life satisfaction. These relationships were only slightly changed when controlling for social fun/entertaining humor and mockery, respectively. Benevolent humor was mostly positively associated with cognitive/reflective humor, followed by social fun/entertaining humor and mockery. Corrective humor was mostly positively associated with mockery, followed by cognitive/reflective and social fun/entertaining humor, although these relationships differed between the countries. Overall, the present study supports the viability of benevolent and corrective humor, which have yet received insufficient attention in psychology, for cross-cultural investigations and applications of humor, well-being, and morality.

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Depositing User: Tracey Platt


Item ID: 11165
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1389-4978
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ORCID for Tracey Platt: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 14:02
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2020 15:31


Author: Tracey Platt ORCID iD
Author: Sonja Heintz
Author: Willibald Ruch
Author: Simge Aykan
Author: Ingrid Brdar
Author: Dorota Brzozowska
Author: Hugo Carretero-Dios
Author: Hsueh-Chih Chen
Author: Władysław Chłopicki
Author: Incheol Choi
Author: Alberto Dionigi
Author: Robert Ďurka
Author: Thomas Ford
Author: Angelika Güsewell
Author: Robert Isler
Author: Alyona Ivanova
Author: Liisi Laineste
Author: Petra Lajčiaková
Author: Chloe Lau
Author: Minha Lee
Author: Stanca Măda
Author: Charles Martin-Krumm
Author: Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel
Author: Ifu Migiwa
Author: Nailya Mustafi
Author: Atsushi Oshio
Author: René T. Proyer
Author: Angélica Quiroga-Garza
Author: Tamil Selvan Ramis
Author: Răzvan Săftoiu
Author: Donald H. Saklofske
Author: Olga V. Shcherbakova
Author: Alena Slezackova
Author: Anastasios Stalikas
Author: Ieva Stokenberga
Author: Jorge Torres-Marín
Author: Peter S.O. Wong

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Psychology


Psychology > Psychology
Psychology > Social Psychology

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