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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Quantitative Sensory Interpretation of Rheological Parameters of a Cream Formulation

Adejokun, Deborah and Dodou, Kalliopi (2019) Quantitative Sensory Interpretation of Rheological Parameters of a Cream Formulation. Cosmetics, 7 (1). pp. 2-13. ISSN 2079-9284; CODEN: COSMCC

Item Type: Article


As the popularity of a cosmetic product on the market extensively depends on consumers’ perception, it is important for the sensory evaluation to be accurate during the product developmental stage. The focus of this study was to develop a generic method for the quantitative assessment of the sensory attributes of cosmetic creams. Four 100 g oil-in-water (O/W) model creams, containing loaded niosomes and their baselines (without niosomes), were formulated. Quantitative sensory evaluation of the formulated oil-in-water products were performed in three different stages: (a) appearance—pourability (b) pick-up—firmness and elasticity/stretchability (c) rub-out—spreadability and stickiness, using rheological measurements. All measurements were carried out at skin temperature, 32 ± 1 °C, and a relative humidity (RH) of 33%. The quantitative analysis showed all cream models exhibited shear-thinning, non-Newtonian behavior. Rheological parameters from the yield stress, amplitude sweep and frequency sweep tests were found to provide realistic correlations for the sensory characteristics of pourability and spreadability, firmness, elasticity/stretchability and stickiness, respectively. This novel quantitative assessment method of the sensory characteristics of a cream proved to be highly effective and can be universally applied.

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Depositing User: Kalli Dodou


Item ID: 11418
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2079-9284; CODEN: COSMCC
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Kalliopi Dodou: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 11:45
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 11:18


Author: Kalliopi Dodou ORCID iD
Author: Deborah Adejokun

University Divisions

Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences


Sciences > Chemistry
Sciences > Pharmacy and Pharmacology

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