Validation of the Arabic version of the Childhood Illness Attitudes Scales

Al-Qerem, W, Al-Maayah, B and Ling, Jonathan (2020) Validation of the Arabic version of the Childhood Illness Attitudes Scales. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. ISSN 1020-3397

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Abstract

Abstract
Background: Excessive health anxiety can lead to significant disorders such as hypochondriasis. In children, assessment
of the severity of health anxiety has been performed using the Childhood Illness Attitudes Scales (CIAS); however, no
validated Arabic version of this tool exists.
Aims: This study developed and validated an Arabic version of the CIAS questionnaire in Jordan in 2017 to provide a tool
to measure the severity of health anxiety in the Arabic-speaking world.
Methods: The CIAS was translated from English to Arabic then back-translated by a different translator and the 2 versions were compared before cognitive interviews were conducted. The final version of the questionnaire was circulated
to 597 children. Of these, 200 were asked to retake the questionnaire after 10–15 days to evaluate test–retest reliability.
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the 4-factor model suggested by the original questionnaire version was performed.
Internal consistency and test–retest reliability were evaluated.
Results: The CFA showed good fit (goodness of fit index=0.92) with the 4-factor model of fears, help seeking, treatment
experience, and symptom effects. Test–retest reliability was high and the model had good discriminant validity and internal consistency.
Conclusions: The Arabic version of the CIAS provides a suitable tool to investigate the prevalence and severity of childhood anxiety in the Middle East.
Keywords: Arabic, Childhood Illness Attitudes Scales, confirmatory factor analysis, health anxiety, Jordan

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Health Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Jonathan Ling
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2020 08:16
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 10:18
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12238
ORCID for Jonathan Ling: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2932-4474

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