Risks and Predicting Factors of Suicidal Ideation across Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Communities

Manning, Carol, Graham, Yitka, Freeman, Maria and Hayes, Catherine (2020) Risks and Predicting Factors of Suicidal Ideation across Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Communities. British Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 9 (4). ISSN 2049-5919

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Abstract

Background/Aims:
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people are at an increased risk of suicidal ideation and suicide, compared to the overall population. This article provides an insight into the identifiable risk factors and protective determinants that can impact on these increased risks. The aim of this study was to ascertain the protective determinants of suicide ideation in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender population based on the extant published evidence base surrounding this issue in the context of health care generally and mental health nursing practice, specifically.

Methods
A systematic review of five articles pertaining to suicidal ideation in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community was undertaken, in accordance with the 2009 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Implementation Framework Guidelines.

Results
Datasets were synthesised using an inductive thematic analysis. Five core themes emerged from the data: (1) resilience (2) specific personality traits (3) mindfulness and self-esteem (4) social support and positive role modelling and (5) the need for culturally competent healthcare provision, of which mental health nurses are an integral part.

Conclusions
The findings of the systematic review revealed the need for mental health nurses and adjunct healthcare staff to reflect on their interactions with the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender population, particularly where suicidal ideation or tendency is either directly articulated or suspected. Helping and supporting vulnerable members of society could potentially be driven by increasing awareness of these specific vulnerabilities in clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing > School of Nursing and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Catherine Hayes
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2020 15:07
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2020 11:20
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12630
ORCID for Yitka Graham: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6206-1461
ORCID for Catherine Hayes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3870-2668

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