Development of new graphene/epoxy nanocomposites and study of cure kinetics, thermal and mechanical properties

Rehman, Sheikh, Akram, Sufyan, Kanellopoulos, Antonios, Elmarakbi, Ahmed and Karagiannidis, Panagiotis (2020) Development of new graphene/epoxy nanocomposites and study of cure kinetics, thermal and mechanical properties. Thermochimica Acta. ISSN 0040-6031

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Abstract

New graphene/polymer nanocomposites were prepared using graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) and the epoxy system Epilok 60-566/Curamine 32-494. The GNPs were first dispersed into the curamine hardener using bath ultrasonication, followed by the addition of the epoxy resin. The cure kinetics were studied by DSC under non-isothermal and under isothermal conditions. The kinetic parameters of the curing process were determined using the non-isothermal Kissinger and Ozawa-Flynn-Wall models. The degree of curing increased with the addition of GNPs, while the activation energy decreased by 13.7% for the first reaction and by 6.6% for the second as obtained from Kissinger. An increase in thermal stability by the addition of GNPs was identified in the range of 360-580℃ using TGA. In terms of mechanical properties, addition of an optimum amount of 0.5%wt of GNPs in the hardener improved the Young’s Modulus by 37%. Nanoindentation measurements showed 9.4% improvement in hardness at 0.7%wt.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sciences > Chemistry
Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technology > School of Engineering
Depositing User: Panagiotis Karagiannidis
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2020 15:01
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2021 02:38
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12644
ORCID for Panagiotis Karagiannidis: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2709-4161

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