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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Visual information search in simulated junction negotiation: Gaze transitions of young novice, young experienced and older experienced drivers.

Scott, Helen, Hall, Lynne, Litchfield, Damien and Westwood, Diane (2013) Visual information search in simulated junction negotiation: Gaze transitions of young novice, young experienced and older experienced drivers. Journal of Safety Research, 45. pp. 111-116. ISSN 0022-4375

Item Type: Article


Older drivers and young novice drivers have problems negotiating road junctions and this is reflected in the accident statistics for these driver populations. Explanations for problems with junction negotiation largely focus on limitations in visual information processing and observation errors associated with age and experience. Investigations of drivers viewing behaviour have used measures of fixation and gaze frequency and duration to highlight drivers information processing and search, capacity and requirements. The use of more specific measures of search strategy, such as gaze transitions, has been less common, particularly for the task of gap selection in junction negotiation. Gaze transitions provide information on the positional relationship of fixations, providing a useful tool for highlighting gaps in driver’s visual information acquisition strategies. The gaze transitions of three driver groups (young novice, young experienced and older experienced) were compared during gap selection in right turn junction negotiation manoeuvres. When scanning the junction, young experienced drivers distributed their gaze more evenly across all areas, whereas older and novice drivers made more sweeping transitions, bypassing adjacent areas. The use of a preview strategy in the decision phase was less evident in the older experienced group compared to the younger groups. It is suggested that response preparation requirements of the decision phase impact on older drivers’ ability to maintain a preview strategy. The application of results to driver training interventions and future research are discussed.

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More Information

Uncontrolled Keywords: Visual search; Gaze transitions; young novice drivers; young experienced drivers; older drivers; junctions; age; experience; training
Depositing User: Helen Scott


Item ID: 3144
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0022-4375
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Helen Scott: ORCID iD
ORCID for Lynne Hall: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2012 08:06
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 15:34


Author: Helen Scott ORCID iD
Author: Lynne Hall ORCID iD
Author: Damien Litchfield
Author: Diane Westwood

University Divisions

Faculty of Technology
Faculty of Technology > FOT Executive
Faculty of Technology > School of Engineering > The Institute for Automotive and Manufacturing Advanced Practice


Psychology > Cognitive Behaviour
Psychology > Psychotherapy

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