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Sunderland Repository records the research produced by the University of Sunderland including practice-based research and theses.

Troubling Knowledges and Difficult Pedagogical Moments for Students Learning

Quaid, Sheila and Williams, Helen (2021) Troubling Knowledges and Difficult Pedagogical Moments for Students Learning. International Journal of Inclusive Education. ISSN 1464-5173

Item Type: Article


As HE professional educators in Social Sciences, we teach a curriculum which foregrounds inequalities. This includes inequalities related to diverse social groups and differences of race, class, gender, disability and sexuality, underpinned by global approaches. Learners are asked to reconsider the social world through a critical lens with perhaps very different explanations of inequalities and the (re)production of power. This paper illuminates early considerations arising from primary research of those teaching moments described as ‘difficult’ by our participants. The difficulty created for the teacher/student partnership is often experienced by us through the resistance by students who often cannot imagine a world view beyond their own. They can believe their way of knowing themselves in the world is how the world is for everyone. The critical educator recognises that in any given moment they are required to consciously manage the pedagogical illuminations of structural inequalities and individual agency. These difficult moments produce struggle for the student who is learning and pedagogical challenges for the lecturer. This paper captures a snapshot of some of the experiences of educators teaching diversity across a range of subject areas. We also reflect on the potential for professional development and possibilities for embedding best practice in preparing academic staff to deal with difficult moments.

Keywords : Diversity, troubling knowledge, pedagogy, in/equalities, justice, curriculum, difference.

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Depositing User: Sheila Quaid


Item ID: 13363
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1464-5173
Official URL:

Users with ORCIDS

ORCID for Sheila Quaid: ORCID iD
ORCID for Helen Williams: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2021 15:15
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2022 03:38


Author: Sheila Quaid ORCID iD
Author: Helen Williams ORCID iD

University Divisions

Faculty of Education and Society > School of Social Sciences


Education > Educational Research
Education > Higher Education
Social Sciences > Sociology

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